LIMITS OF INTERNATIONAL INVOLVEMENT IN THE SOUTHERN CAUCASUS: THE OSCE MEDIATION IN THE NAGORNO-KARABAKH CONFLICT (1992-1996)

Ohannes GEUKJIAN


Ohannes Geukjian, Assistant Professor of Politics, Human Rights, and Cultural Studies at the Lebanese American University (LAU), and Haigazian University in Beirut; Member of the British Society for Middle Eastern Studies (BRISMES) (Beirut, Lebanon)


1. Introduction

The aim of this article is to examine and analyze the mediation of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in the Nagorno-Karabakh (N-K) conflict from 1992 to 1996, and the internal and external difficulties that hampered its peacemaking efforts. Also, the aim is to analyze the positions of the external (Russia) and internal (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Karabakh leadership) actors with respect to the peace plans presented by the OSCE, and highlight the causes that contributed to their failure. In this context, much emphasis is put on the peace strategy implemented by the OSCE for conflict resolution in N-K, and the position of Russia which tried to sideline the OSCE to keep the Southern Caucasus under its direct political and economic influence. This article also stresses the role of Russia as a major regional actor in the N-K conflict and the prospects for possible cooperation between Russia and the OSCE from


Please fill subscription form to obtain full text of this jounal

SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 - Advertorial UP - E-MAIL