THE ROLE OF THE SCO IN FORMING THE CENTRAL ASIAN SECURITY ENVIRONMENT: GEOPOLITICAL ASPECTS
Timur SHAIMERGENOV, Gulnar TUSUPBAEVA
Timur Shaimergenov, Coworker at the Secretariat of the Parliamentary Majilis, Republic of Kazakhstan (Astana, Kazakhstan)
Gulnur Tusupbaeva, Researcher at the Kazakhstan Institute of Strategic Studies under the Kazakhstan President (Almaty, Kazakhstan)
Of course it would be too declamatory to maintain that the Central Asian countries are acquiring a special significance in the international relations system, but we cannot deny the increased attention the global actors are focusing on them, mainly due to the geostrategic and economic potential of the region. The situation is complicated by the spasmodic development of certain processes in some of the region’s countries, the roots of which can be found in political and economic problems, as well as in the abrupt changes that have been occurring in the Central Asian states since the day they acquired their independence. Along with this, a few particularly obvious trends should be noted, including the growing impact of security threats and challenges, which could lead to a dramatic reduction in security in the region and its transformation into what we could call the Asian Balkans. The main reasons for this are the military-political situation in Afghanistan, the aggravated political processes, and the socioeconomic tension in several Central Asian republics.
Among the threats which have already become traditional, we will……………