RUSSIAN STRATEGY IN CENTRAL ASIA
Ivan Iniutin, D.Sc. (Hist.), Center for Political Studies (Moscow, Russia)
The mass unrest in Kyrgyzstan which escalated into an anti-government coup, the events in the Uzbek city of Andijan, and the presidential election in Kazakhstan, which also took place in 2005, drew the attention of the world community to the Central Asian countries. Whereby the situation in this section of the “arc of instability,” which encompasses the south of the Russian Federation, is arousing very justifiable concern among Russians. After all, the matter does not concern some abstract corner of the earth, but a significant part of the former Soviet Union, four million square kilometers in area and with a population of more than 50 million people (seven million of whom are Russian-speaking citizens). Historical development and long years of coexistence with the peoples of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan have made Russia an interested party in their fates. This is shown by the special demands of official Moscow’s foreign policy in Central Asia and gives rise to the need for its rapid and targeted adjustment.
Conceptually, Russia’s strategy in the region is aimed at achieving the strategic goals envisaged in the foreign policy conception approved by the country’s president. The following tasks are of paramount importance:
—ensuring that alternative security systems are not created in Central Asia without the Russian Federation’s participation, and………………..