KYRGYZSTAN AFTER THE REVOLUTION: POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT AND CHOICE OF FORM OF GOVERNMENT
Zaynidin Kurmanov, D.Sc. (Hist.), Professor, Member of the Constitutional Conference, Kyrgyz Republic (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)
Struggle for Political Reform. Constitutional Conference Convened
In the wake of the March 2005 events, a Constitutional Conference of the Kyrgyz Republic was convened on the initiative of Ch. Baekova, chairperson of the republic’s Constitutional Court, and a decision of Zhogorku Kenesh (the parliament). It met in Bishkek to discuss the political and constitutional reforms the country badly needed after the revolution. The one hundred and fourteen people who attended the conference represented the head of state, the cabinet, the deputies, and the civilian sector. Omurbek Tekebaev, speaker of the newly elected Zhogorku Kenesh, a very popular opposition member and leader of the Socialist Ata Meken Party, was elected the conference chairman.
At first, the political demands were moderate and boiled down to a political assessment of the events of 24 March and limiting some of the president’s powers. The next president should be deprived of the right to organize referendums at will and to amend or change the Constitution. The premier, on the other hand, should be given more power when it comes to…………….