NATIONAL SECURITY AND CIVIL SOCIETY IN CENTRAL ASIA
Bakhodyr Ergashev, D.Sc. (Philos.), Professor, department head of the University of World Economy and Diplomacy (Tashkent, Uzbekistan)
Once more it has become obvious that the national security and civil society structures in nearly all the Central Asian states are impotent. Political power cannot in the long-term perspective oppose interest groups wishing to penetrate local countries. Meanwhile, NGOs are invited to deal with the vitally important issues of international security on an increasingly greater scale. How can the “third sector” be invited to deal with domestic and foreign threats and other deep-cutting political processes without damaging the democratic institutions? How can the state protect the fragile civil institutions from illegal pressure exerted by the power structures and establish viable civilian control? Finally, how can the state tune up the mechanism able to identify “points of contact” and efficient partnership for the sake of common national interests?
I. The Necessary Conceptual Adjustments
The primitive formulation of national security as the “exclusive task of the power structures” and of civil society as the “inevitable alternative to political power” continue to interfere with positive social processes. The lower points of political evolution (the civil war in Tajikistan, the terrorist acts in Uzbekistan, the aborted assassination of……………..