Georgi Petrov, Ph.D. (Techn.), Head of the Hydropower Laboratory, Institute for Water Problems, Tajikistan Academy of Sciences (Dushanbe, Tajikistan)

World historical experience shows that successful development of any state largely depends on correctly selected strategic goals and priorities. In fact, there are plenty of examples showing that the choice of true directions has led to the successful and sustainable development of different countries, both large and small. However, there are reverse examples as well. A particularly representative example here is the experience of the U.S.S.R.a country with huge material and human resources which, due to its poorly chosen development strategy, has ended up with economic degradation and disintegration.

Tajikistan, one of the union republics of that state, was the least advanced territory even in those days, and during the civil war in Tajikistan, its national economy slumped to a crisis level by 1995. It was not until the beginning of the 21st century that slight (and very slow) economic recovery was outlined. Under these conditions, efficient economic development (even if it was only catching up) is seen not just as an urgent, but as a vitally crucial task for Tajikistan. And elaboration and implementation of an appropriate development program is becoming of top priority.

Unfortunately, both the strategy and the programs adopted in this sphere are in many respects immature and underdeveloped, and they actually fail to meet the challenges the republic is currently facing, which first of all concerns its choice of basic priorities and ranking. Today, agriculture and..

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