RELIGIOUS-POLITICAL EXTREMISM IN CENTRAL ASIA: WHY AND HOW IT IS SPREADING

Marian ABISHEVA, Timur SHAYMERGENOV


Marian Abisheva, Ph.D. (Political Science), Deputy Director of the Kazakhstan Institute of Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Almaty, Kazakhstan)

Timur Shaymergenov, Coworker at the Secretariat of the Majilis of the Kazakhstan Parliament (Astana, Kazakhstan)


Introduction

There can be no doubt that the most conspicuous event of the last century was the unprecedented revival and spread of extremism and terrorism. Today, the concepts extremism and terrorism have become the most commonly used terms in the political vocabulary of most people writing about present-day problems and security. People are writing about ethnic and religious extremism and terrorism, about political and state terrorism, about domestic and international terrorism, and so on. It would seem that there is nothing more to be said about these phenomena, and we would do well to agree with the opinion that if we look a little more closely at all that has been written, it becomes clear that most publications contain a merely emotional description of events that once took place.

Extremism has many different faces, just as there are many different reasons and sources engendering and feeding it. Religious fundamentalism is often given as the reason for the spread of extremism in todays world. The true meaning of this concept is the striving to adhere to the initial principles of.


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