GLOBALIZATION OF MUSLIM CONSCIOUSNESS IN THE CAUCASUS: ISLAMIC CALL AND JIHAD
Ruslan Kurbanov, Ph.D. (Political Science), member of the Research Committee on Human Rights, Russian Association of Political Science (Makhachkala, Russia)
Today most researchers of North Caucasian religious-political reality are viewing the role of the international factor in the region’s Islamic revival exclusively from the narrow perspective of its financing by the worldwide terrorist international aimed at destabilizing the situation in the Caucasus. However, the circumstances that have brought the problems relating to the North Caucasian Islamic revival to the international level are much more complicated and multifaceted.
Let us begin with the fact that for many centuries, the interpretation and practice of Islam established in the Caucasus developed according to their own scenarios and were very different from those customary throughout the Caliphate as a whole.
First of all, the Muslims of the Caucasus were very isolated from the external Muslim world. Due to the region’s remoteness from the political centers of the Caliphate, as well as the inaccessibility of the interior regions of the Caucasus, internal caliphate social, political, military, cultural, and other transformations reached it in the form of weak echoes.
Second, because of the incredible internal strength and tenacity of the local traditional spiritual and ritual-legal cultures, the interpretation and practice of Islam in the Caucasus were strongly influenced by them. For centuries, the Islamic religion had to reconcile itself to living next door to ineradicable paganism in……………….