THE RUSSIAN FACTOR IN CENTRAL ASIAN GEOPOLITICS IN THE CONTEXT OF IRANIAN-AMERICAN CONTRADICTIONS
Guli Yuldasheva, D.Sc. (Political Science), research associate at the Department of International Relations, Law and Political Science, Tashkent State Institute of Oriental Studies (Tashkent, Uzbekistan)
Russia’s Central Asian policy is one of the most debatable and pertinent issues that have been in the center of attention for some time now. In fact, it has acquired additional overtones in the context of the continued Iranian-American confrontation, which affects Central Asian geopolitics and the Eurasian approach dominating Russia’s foreign policy (which presupposes Russia-IRI partnership in Central Asia). It is absolutely clear that the nature, content, and pace of Russia’s involvement in the region, as well as cooperation between the two countries, directly depend on the state and level of Iranian-American relations.
The U.S. in Russia’s Geopolitics in Central Asia
Russia’s devotion to the idea of multi-polar approaches to international relations is well known. In this context, its access to Central Asia’s energy resources and control over the transportation and communication corridors make it one of the leading centers of power of Eurasia. Its Central Asian geostrategy presupposes:
—maintaining stability in all spheres—political, military, economic, humanitarian, and legal;
—reintegrating the region on the basis of a new system of energy transportation and water communication across the……….