Sulaiman RESHIEV

Sulaiman Reshiev, Ph.D. (Econ.), head of the Budget Policy Department, Presidential Administration and Government of the Chechen Republic (Grozny, Russia)

The Chechen Republic is going through a difficult historical period in its development. A retrospective analysis of the nature of this process shows a clear correlation between the policy of the Federal Center and the vector of Chechnias sociopolitical development.

The current state of affairs in the Chechen Republic results in large part from its tragic past. In studying the republics development, it is necessary, in my opinion, to examine three periods in their interconnection, because such an approach helps to gain a better understanding of the philosophy of its evolution. The Soviet period in the development of Chechnia was marked by great excesses in the national policy of the Union Center toward the republic. The starting point here was the absolutely monstrous deportation of entire peoples from their historical homeland in 1944. When the Chechens were allowed to return in 1957, their integration into peaceful constructive life in the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was a slow and painful process. This had a particularly adverse effect on the work of government bodies and economic management agencies. Until 1989 (that is, almost until the end of the Soviet period), not a single representative of the titular nationality had ever been elected as head of the regional Communist Party committee. Ethnic Chechens met with artificial barriers limiting their opportunities to work in a number of key ministries, departments and associations; they were never appointed to senior posts. A similar situation existed in higher and secondary education institutions in the republic.

In the Soviet period, the economy of the Chechen-Ingush Republic was mostly based on..

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