PROBLEMS OF THE JOINT USE OF TRANSBOUNDARY WATER RESOURCES IN CENTRAL ASIA
Larisa Sidorova, Academic secretary at the Kazakhstan Institute of Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Almaty, Kazakhstan)
The joint use of water resources has been urgent problem in Central Asia for many years now. And although during the fifteen years of their independence, the region’s countries managed to avoid large-scale water conflicts, the debates still going on about the changes in the conditions regarding use of the Syr Darya and Amu Darya transboundary rivers are creating an atmosphere of looming uncertainty and arousing justified worries about the region’s future.
Water and Peace
At different stages in its evolution, mankind has constantly come up, in one way or another, against the problem of water shortage. One hundred and forty-five states of the world share so-called transboundary water basins with neighboring countries, and twenty-one states are located entirely on the territory of international basins. Having to share water resources, particularly if they are limited, often leads to tension in interstate relations.
The problem of the joint use of transboundary rivers as such gained momentum in the 20th century, when reservoirs, diversion canals, and other water-development works began being built on a global scale. As of today, most of these water-development structures have been built on 300 major rivers running through the territory of two or……………..