TAJIKISTAN ENERGY SECTOR: PRESENT AND NEAR FUTURE
Timur Valamat-Zade, Leading specialist, Center for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Tajikistan (Dushanbe, Tajikistan)
Economically efficient use of energy is a major indicator which largely determines the economic development level of any country, its national security, and the well-being of its people.
Sustainable economic progress in modern societies implies that the energy factor is a key component of this progress. In the final years of the U.S.S.R., Tajikistan’s electric power industry based on hydropower was one of the best not only among the Union republics, but also among Asian countries. Past political events have had an adverse effect on the republic’s energy sector, but nevertheless, in contrast to many other sectors, it has passed this test and is now in the initial stage of recovery.
Let us consider the current state of the republic’s electric power potential and its position compared to some CIS countries.
Tajikistan generates four times more electricity than Moldova, three times more than Armenia, over twice as much as Georgia, a third more than Turkmenistan, and more than Kyrgyzstan.
Nevertheless, there is an acute shortage of electricity in the republic. In winter, the population suffers and enterprises (including emerging businesses) incur losses, and this significantly hinders entrepreneurial activity in the country. In the conditions of tight restrictions on electricity consumption (limits), many enterprises suffer such heavy losses as to go out of business.
As it happens, hydroelectricity is the backbone of Tajikistan’s energy sector. In this area, nature has endowed the republic with a…………….