Savaş GENÇ

Savas Genc, Professor, Department of International Relations, Fatih University (Istanbul, Turkey)

Although more than sixteen years have passed since the end of the bipolar system, it is still hard to anticipate and define the fundamental features of the international system that has formed as a result of the developments under consideration. Both the critics and those who have no serious problem with the issue are talking about the current system, but they have been unable to reach a mutual agreement either among or between themselves. On the other hand, a broad definition of todays international system can be made and some approximate assessment of it given.

First of all, it does not seem likely and/or easy to examine the structure of the international system solely in terms of its military-strategic, political, and economic aspects as was possible in the era of the bipolar system. The current international system can be described as a structure in which hierarchical and multipolar relations are connected and function together. Even though these levels are not isolated, but function together, and affect the foreign policies of the governments existing alongside one another in the real international system, this kind of abstraction enables us to know some features of the system well. On the other hand, the existing international system is a sub-system dominant. In the bipolar system, particularly under those condition when the polarity of the system was strong, the factors that affect and determine the unity of the international system were also the most important inputs of the sub-systems in it. In other words, the sub-systems did not have much opportunity to be autonomous of the main system. But it is not the same in the current system, which is undergoing changes. Today in most sub-systems we can observe the features of the classical power-balance system only when the international system is autonomous of the above-mentioned hierarchical/multipolar-oriented structure.

New Turkish Foreign Policy after the U.S.S.R.

It is commonly believed that the foreign policy of states depends on certain fundamental principles and essentials and these fundamental principles have continuity due to geopolitical location, historical events, and national character/culture. Although Turkey technically has three neighbors in the Caucasus, Russia must also be considered one of its neighbors which has no direct borders with Turkey. The rivalry between the big neighbor in the north, Russia, which inherited its current position from the former U.S.S.R., which was Turkeys rival in both political/ideological and

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