THE MAIN RESULTS OF KYRGYZSTAN’S DOMESTIC POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT IN 2009
Nur OMAROV, Dmitri ORLOV
Nur Omarov, D.Sc. (Hist.), Professor at the Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)
Dmitri Orlov, Director of the Igla Independent Analytical Center (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)
The year 2009 was full of political events for Kyrgyzstan, the most noteworthy being re-election of the current president, Kurmanbek Bakiev, to a second term and reformatting, in a certain sense, of relations with the country’s main partners on the world arena. The latter had an influence on the alignment of domestic political forces, whereby it was revealed that Western sponsors and partners had little interest in the Kyrgyz opposition.
This prompted the government’s supporters to talk about a period of “stability” and a transition to a new stage of administrative reforms called upon to consolidate the position of the ruling elite even more.
In this context, several experts believe that Bakiev’s victory put an end to the post-March period, which can be described as a time of struggle of all against all. Energetic activity on the part of the opposition should now slow down, which will allow Kurmanbek Bakiev’s team to take up a key position.
In addition, it is very likely that the authoritarian development model will be reproduced, in compliance with which power will go to a successor, while democratic institutions will be strictly formal and serve the interests of a narrow circle of people.
Main Areas of Kyrgyzstan’s Domestic Political Development in 2009
As mentioned above, Kyrgyzstan experienced several important interrelated political events in 2009.
On 11 February, after returning from Moscow, Kurmanbek Bakiev made a statement about the possibility of holding a presidential election in 2009 and about his participation in it. In particular, during the briefing, he said that this was his prerogative and did not intend to waive it.
Soon thereafter, image-makers especially appointed to run the president’s campaign began fashioning a positive picture of the current head of state.
In particular, emphasis was placed on the already dubious argument that the American military base located at Manas airport would be moved to a different location by the end of the summer.
It was also maintained that the Kyrgyz leadership intended to consolidate its position even more in the future and carve out a prominent niche for the country on the world arena.
But, as things transpired, the military base not only remained where it was, but even grew in size.
At the beginning of March, neutralization began of politicians in one way or another related to the opposition. It is enough to recall the arrest of………………..