ON THE RESULTS OF THE PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS IN UZBEKISTAN
Sukhrobjon ISMOILOV, Sanzhar SAIDOV
Sukhrobjon Ismoilov, Coordinator of the Expert Working Group of Civil Society Representatives of Uzbekistan (Tashkent, Uzbekistan)
Sanzhar Saidov, Member of the Expert Working Group of Civil Society Representatives of Uzbekistan (Tashkent, Uzbekistan)
On 27 December, 2009, elections were held to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis (parliament) of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as to the regional, district, and city Kengashes of people’s deputies.
This article examines the preparations for the elections that began in June 2009 and takes a look at the National Conception on Preparing for and Holding Elections approved by the Central Election Commission (CEC), the election platforms of the political parties, the speeches made by party representatives, and various CEC documents.
The authors polled a representative selection of the population nationwide and interviewed election observers, authorized representatives of the political parties, and election agents of the candidates for deputy. On election day, they visited several polling stations to observe the voting procedure.
This study reveals that the republic’s executive power manipulated the election process; the Legislative Chamber deputies had already been chosen before the elections began.
Contrary to the government’s official statements about the high voter turnout, it was actually no higher than 45-50% (apart from at polling stations set up in learning institutions and military establishments).
Nor did the republic’s citizens show any particular interest in the results of the parliamentary elections, or of the elections of the regional, district, and city Kengashes of people’s deputies, since such referendums in Uzbekistan have long shown their ineffectuality in involving the people in state and public management.
The executive power proficiently staged the semblance of a spirited interparty struggle and active election campaign. However, we hope that future elections will indeed be more vigorous and competitive, since the legislative framework promoting the efficient functioning of political parties has become much stronger in the past few years.
We can confidently say that the political parties have gained enough experience in the elections to the Oliy Majlis in 1994, 1999, 2004, and 2009 to enhance their active participation in future elections.
Current State of Uzbekistan’s Election Legislation Keeping in Mind the Latest Amendments and Addenda
The most effective way for the people to participate in state and public management is through elections; the democratic and……………….