ON THE POLITICAL BEHAVIOR OF THE KYRGYZ PEOPLE TODAY

Baktykan TOROGELDIEVA


Baktykan Toregeldieva, Ph.D. (Hist.), Associate Professor at the Chair of Sociopolitical Sciences, Academy of Management under the President of the Kyrgyz Republic (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)


Introduction

An analysis of the political events that began in Kyrgyzstan on 6 April, 2010 makes it possible to conclude that the influence of the existing political power system has aroused a distinctive response. This is explained by the rise in the populations level of socialization. This article makes an attempt to find a rational explanation for the events that occurred from the perspective of the level of political culture of the Kyrgyz nation, which, being a mobile structure, takes shape during mutual interaction between political consciousness and behavior.

The behavioral element in the political culture structure presumes the deliberate participation of citizens in all forms of political activity (legitimate and illegitimate).

Legitimate forms of political activity include the following: discussion of the drafts of state and party documents, referendums, and elections; participation in the work of various state and sociopolitical structures and organizations and other forms of sociopolitical activity (membership in political parties, sociopolitical organizations and movements).

Illegitimate forms of political activity include: participation in unsanctioned meetings and pickets; seizure and sabotage of various institutions, and so on.

Igor Orlov notes that political behavior, as well as power relations (supremacy, conflict, or consent), is determined by such factors as the general situation in the country, the alignment of political forces, the personal interests of a political figure, and so on.

Not only their personal views and convictions, political sympathies and antipathies, but also, frequently, subconscious stereotypes and habits developed under the influence of the surrounding social environment and passed on from generation to generation have a direct effect on the political behavior of citizens. Mass psychoses are a significant factor of political behavior (particularly in extreme circumstances).

Political behavior is defined by three parameters:

  • level of awareness of political actions;
  • types of political participation (protest, passive, and active);
  • forms of political behavior (legitimate and illegitimate).
  • The political behavior of the Kyrgyz people today will be examined in terms of these parameters.

    Electoral Behavior

    At the beginning of Kyrgyzstans sovereign existence, destruction of the previously existing social structures led to the appearance of new group unions. The previous class division of society into blue-collar workers, peasants, and white-collar workers lost its meaning. Affiliation with a particular Kyrgyz clan or


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