UKRAINE’S PLACE AND ROLE IN THE BLACK SEA-CASPIAN REGION ORGANIZATIONS
Maria Plaksenko, Senior Consultant of the Department of Foreign Policy Strategy, National Institute of Strategic Research (Kiev, Ukraine)
One of the priority vectors in Ukraine’s foreign policy in the Black Sea-Caspian Basin is its participation in regional international organizations, which makes it possible to discuss and implement important regional projects. This study aims to define Ukraine’s place and role in the system of multilateral cooperation within GUAM and the BSECO. The author has deliberately limited the number of international organizations examined in this article to the two in which Ukraine is most successfully participating.
Ukraine’s participation in multilateral regional cooperation is a priority vector of its foreign policy aimed at promoting European and Euro-Atlantic integration. Regional policy is an integral component of this process, since it helps to raise the country’s international status and promote its national interests.
Ukraine’s national security strategy emphasizes the importance of expanding and intensifying multilateral cooperation with all the countries that belong to the Black Sea-Caspian Region (BCR). Correspondingly, one of the main tasks of Ukraine’s regional policy is its active cooperation within the framework of the Organization for Democracy and Economic Development-GUAM (ODED GUAM) and BSECO.
The main vector of cooperation of the GUAM Participating States is cooperation in security, particularly in ensuring peace and stability and in settling the frozen conflicts in their territories.
The ODED GUAM Participating States jointly submitted a draft resolution called “Protracted Conflicts in the GUAM Area and Their Implications for International Peace, Security and Development” at the 62nd session of the U.N. General Assembly.
On 14 March, 2008, the U.N. General Assembly adopted the resolution “The Situation in the Occupied Territories of Azerbaijan” (A/RES/62/243) and on 15 May, 2008, on Georgia’s initiative, the U.N. General Assembly supported the resolution “Status of Internally Displaced Persons and Refugees from Abkhazia, Georgia” (A/RES/62/249); both resolutions were supported by Ukraine.
Ukraine proved to be the only country among the ODED GUAM Participating States that officially supported Georgia in the Russian-Georgian war in August 2008.
In 2009, the GUAM Participating States were able to include a point entitled “Protracted Conflicts in the GUAM Area and Their Implications for International Peace, Security and Development” on the agenda of the 63rd and 64th sessions of the U.N. General Assembly.
In June 2009, a round table was held called “Security in the Changing Geopolitical Situation and a New Security Conception”; the GUAM Parliamentary Assembly and the Baltic Assembly participated in it. The meeting participants discussed the need for…………