SOCIOECONOMIC CONTRADICTIONS BETWEEN THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH IN KYRGYZSTANS ECONOMIC COMPLEX

Andrei GALIEV


Andrei Galiev, Senior Lecturer at Turan University, MA in Teaching English (MTE), and MA in Business Administration (MBA) (Almaty, Kazakhstan)


Introduction

The regional economic complex should be viewed as an aggregate of interrelated components, each of which has its own clearly defined place and function. The regions economic complex is a functioning and, consequently, relatively stable system, while it is also evolving and changing.

This article aims to show how Kyrgyzstans regional economic complex is distinguished by historically caused contradictions which seriously interfere with the successful development of its economy.

Historical Background

The territory of present-day Kyrgyzstan has never been a unified whole; the South and the North developed under different conditions within the framework of different state formations. After establishing Soviet power, the Bolsheviks, intent on eradicating all remnants of the past, deliberately destroyed the traditional social structures of the Kyrgyz people. Regional and district division began to gradually take over tribal and patrimonial division as a source of Kyrgyz self-identification, particularly in societys relations with the ruling communist political establishment. By virtue of the special features of the Soviet system based on the centralized redistribution of resources, every Kyrgyz community wanted the leader of the republic to be someone from their own region who would help to develop his small motherland. So regional division began to acquire political and social importance.

From the historical viewpoint, the 1930s were a turning point in the social, economic, and cultural history of Kyrgyzstan. During these years, the traditional lifestyle reached a crisis point and contemporary industrialization began. Collectivization and improvements in irrigation and the agrarian sector as a whole brought about profound changes in the rural districts. However, immense changes also occurred in the correlation of the size of certain ethnic groups, and a rift formed between the cities and the villages.

At the very beginning of World War II, the Soviet government posed the task of turning the fraternal republics in the rear into a powerful military-industrial arsenal in the shortest time possible. A strategic program was drawn up, according to which the Urals, Western Siberia, Kazakhstan, and Central Asia were to become rear hubs for producing technology, weapons, industrial products, and food, as well as population evacuation zones.

During the war, 36 large industrial enterprises went into operation in Kyrgyzstan and new branches emerged. At that time, the number of industrial workers rose from 36,000 to 46,000, and the share of


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