IRAN, TURKEY, AND RUSSIA: SEMI-PERIPHERAL STRATEGIES IN CENTRAL ASIA AND THE SOUTHERN CAUCASUS
Ashot Egizarian, Ph.D. (Econ.), Assistant Professor, Armenian State University of Economics (Erevan, Armenia)
The author discusses the semi-peripheral strategies of Iran, Turkey, and Russia in Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus, as well as their trade expansion; he establishes that the semi-periphery countries, Russia and China in particular, dominate the region’s imports.
He looks at all sides of Iran’s “struggle against exploitation” strategy, analyzes its impact on individual economies, and reveals the semi-peripheral function of neo-Ottomanism from the world-systems perspective.
The author’s analysis of Russia’s strategy allows him to conclude that after switching from mercantilism to integration with the leaders of the capitalist world-system, Russia can increase its semi-peripheral role and strengthen its position in the region.
Keywords: Iran, Turkey, Russia, Central Asia, semi-periphery, the Southern Caucasus, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, trade expansion of the semi-periphery.
Immanuel Wallerstein, who looks at the world-systems theory as consisting of the core (the developed countries of the West) and the periphery (Third World countries) put the term “semi-periphery” into academic circulation. The world-system cannot function in conditions of strained relations between these two elements; it needs another structure (the semi-periphery) to ensure that the exploited periphery does not revolt against the exploiting core.
There are no economic reasons behind the semi-periphery, however without it the world-system would be too polarized to retain its political stability. In other words, to quote Wallerstein, “the semi-periphery is needed to make the capitalist world-economy run smoothly.”
This means that the economic role of the semi-periphery, which changed together with the world-system, is unimportant; what is important is its political role.
According to Wallerstein, there are over twenty semi-periphery countries, including Turkey, Iran, China, and Russia, all of…………….