SECURITY AND INTEGRATION IN CENTRAL ASIA: THE CSTO AND SCO

Akbarsho ISKANDAROV


Akbarsho Iskandarov, D.Sc. (Political Science), Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Republic of Tajikistan (Dushanbe, Tajikistan)


ABSTRACT

The author analyzes the problems of Central Asian security and the role the CSTO and SCO play in ensuring it; he looks at the past, outlines the stages of building an efficient regional security system designed to oppose contemporary challenges, and concludes that regional integration as the only effective answer to the threats and challenges should be continued lest the region remains forever in an insecurity zone and falls behind the international community, which will deprive Central Asia of its chance for political and economic success.

Keywords: Central Asia, security, regional integration, CSTO, SCO, the Taliban, Afghanistan.

Introduction

Security, a subject of lively discussion, remains the most important and the most challenging task at all levelsnational, regional, and international.

Today, old security challenges have been revived, while new ones are cropping up because the global security system no longer works: it has lost its previous balance of power, while reality makes many of the international security agreements inadequate.

Our experience has taught us that an efficient regional security structure is very important for regional integration.

In Central Asia, the recent events caused by globalization and the ensuing economic, social, political, and geopolitical shifts have focused attention on regional stability and security: the region should be ready with a substantial collective response to the current and future threats and challenges.

Its geostrategic location at the meeting point of China, Russia, and South Asia, as well as its natural and human resources are hard to..


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