THE AFGHAN TRANSFORMATION: PRIORITIES AND KEY PROBLEMS
Inomzhon Bobokulov, D.Sc. (Law), Associate Professor at the University of World Economy and Diplomacy (Tashkent, Uzbekistan)
This article examines the Afghan transformation that has been manifesting itself in such spheres as security, politics, and the economy. It is fed by the withdrawal of the international forces from Afghanistan. But, according to the author, this process, which is of an all-encompassing and systemic nature, is having a direct effect on the key aspects of society’s vital activity, as well as, due to Afghanistan’s particular geopolitical position, on the situation in Central and South Asia. Political and ethnic fragmentation is the main component in the current internal Afghan situation.
Keywords: Afghan transformation, Afghan national army and police, Afghanization of the conflict, armed opposition, Talibanization, political dialog, internal Afghan actors, national security, international community.
“Unlike other wars, Afghan wars become
serious only when they are over.”
Sir Olaf Caroe
The current stalemate situation that has ensued from the attempt to forcefully untie the so-called Afghan knot is showing the world once again how ineffective it is to resolve the problem by military means. The Afghan mission, or most likely another instance of foreign military intervention, began very successfully: the Taliban regime was overthrown by only “100 officers of the Central Intelligence Agency, 350 U.S. special servicemen, and 15,000 Afghans” in less than three months. All the political forces, apart from the Taliban movement, participated in the transitional “coalition” government formed. But in so doing the main warning was……….