THE TURKISH ARMED FORCES DURING TRANSFORMATION AND MODERNIZATION: STRATEGIES AND TRENDS
Levon Ovsepian, Ph.D. (Hist.), Research Fellow at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the National Academy of Sciences, Republic of Armenia (Erevan, Armenia)
This article examines the general trends in the modernization strategy of Turkey’s defense sector after the end of the Cold War, which, in addition to everything else, envisages the need for extensive renewal of the army. It pays particular attention to the role of Turkey’s military and industrial complex in modernizing the country’s armed forces, the main trends of which are identified on the basis of an analysis of official figures and indices. Modernization of the army and development of the military-industrial complex are largely aimed at meeting Turkey’s geopolitical ambitions to become a more influential force in the region.
Keywords: Turkey, NATO, armed forces, war industry, modernization, strategy, security.
After the end of the Cold War, Turkey’s defense policy tried to adapt to the new regional and geopolitical reality and raise the county’s combat-readiness in the event of any new challenges. During this time, Turkey’s defense policy was based on a steady buildup of its armed forces and a striving to achieve military superiority in the region.
During the 1990s, Turkey examined its foreign policy problems from the viewpoint of military security. According to Turkish researcher Haluk Gerger, militarization of national interests and foreign policy, which is in many cases a direct result of securitization, has given the military, in addition to everything else, a certain right to have the “final word.” The constant threats from some of…………….