PARLIAMENTARISM IN KYRGYZSTAN: SPECIFIC FEATURES, PROBLEMS, AND ACHIEVEMENTS
Zaynidin KURMANOV, Ilyas KURMANOV
Zaynudin Kurmanov, D.Sc. (Hist.), Professor, Head of the Chair of International Relations, the Yeltsin Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)
Ilyas Kurmanov, Ph.D. candidate, the Ishenaly Arabaev Kyrgyz State University (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)
The authors analyze the far from simple development of Kyrgyz parliamentarism, the republic’s experience of building the parliament (the Jogorku Kenesh) and its objective problems and shortcomings. The article is based on the personal experience of one of the authors who served as a deputy and speaker of one of the convocations and on the authors’ scrutiny of the processes related to the parliament’s activities.
Keywords: Kyrgyzstan, parliamentarism, the Jogorku Kenesh, kurultai, zhyyn, the Supreme Soviet, political parties, parliamentary factions.
At all times, the successful solution of large-scale problems of state importance has hinged on the degree to which the popular masses are involved in decision-making. Different forms of this involvement are determined by the specifics of the place and time in which the historical processes unfolded and, consequently, were responsible for the different forms of such involvement. This created a mechanism of cooperation between the “guiding forces” and the “guided;” the corresponding bodies of state power; the forms of their correlation and interaction; and the types, variety, and organizational forms of representative and legislative structures.
The revolutionary events in Kyrgyzstan revealed the extent to which the popular masses affected the course of events that finally transformed the…………..