BORDER SECURITY OF THE CENTRAL ASIAN STATES ON THE EVE OF THE ISAF PULLOUT

Pulat MAKKAMBAEV


Pulat Makkambaev, Ph.D. (Law), Doctoral Candidate, Tashkent State Institute of Jurisprudence (Tashkent, Uzbekistan)


ABSTRACT

For over 30 years now, the conflict in Afghanistan has been and remains a source of international and regional instability. The crisis developments emerging in the territory of this country threaten the border security of the Central Asian states; what will happen in Afghanistan after the ISAF pullout is causing even more concern.

The author analyzes the impact of the Afghan conflict on the border security of the Central Asian states and concludes that bilateral and multilateral efforts to preserve border security should be improved to stave off the threats that might emanate from Afghanistan.

Keywords: Afghanistan, the United States, the Soviet Union, Pakistan, Central Asian states, the civil war in Tajikistan, the Taliban, the IMU, the U.N., limited contingent of Soviet troops, NATO, ISAF, Operation Enduring Freedom, state borders, border security, border guards, threats to border security, border cooperation.

Introduction

In the latter half of the 20th century, mankind lived through cardinal changes in the international security system accompanied by the collapse of the socialist system, the Warsaw Treaty Organization, and the Soviet Union. Many experts and politicians think that the failure of socialism as a social system was caused by the defeat inflicted by its main geopolitical rival in the course of the Afghan war, which undermined the weak socialist economy.

The military-political developments in Afghanistan, which followed the defeat, made it clear that this economically backward country, living for many centuries in the midst of social, clan, ethnic, and confessional strife, has become a seat of instability and a threat to regional and international stability.

This strife was the result of the development of Afghan statehood strongly affected by various internal and..


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