IRANIAN-AFGHAN RELATIONS ON THE THRESHOLD OF THE WITHDRAWAL OF AMERICAN TROOPS FROM AFGHANISTAN
Guli Yuldasheva, D.Sc. (Political Science), Independent Researcher (Tashkent, Uzbekistan)
This article analyzes the state of Iranian-Afghan relations on the threshold of the withdrawal of the main contingent of American troops from Afghanistan planned for 2014 in the context of the current geopolitical processes going on in Central Asia. It examines the similarities and differences in the strivings of the various actors, the situation in Afghanistan that has arisen as a result of their clash, as well as the regional threats and challenges to Iran’s interests. It points to the geopolitical contradictions among regional players, primarily between the U.S. and Iran, as the main variable influencing the situation in Afghanistan and its relations with Iran. According to the author, these geopolitical contradictions and the challenges and threats to regional stability ensuing from them are creating political and economic problems that are complicating the development of Iranian-Afghan relations. This is making rehabilitation of Afghanistan more difficult, including in the vitally important economic sphere, resulting in destabilization of the situation within the country and around it.
Keywords: Iran, Afghanistan, Central Asia, the U.S., geopolitics.
At present, the ambiguous relations between the West and Iran are having a particularly negative effect on the situation in Afghanistan. This ambiguity is based on the extremely politicized problem of Iran’s nuclear potential. Iran’s foreign policy, which is distinguished by significant conservatism, and the tougher sanctions being imposed on the country by the West are leading to a certain increase in tension in its relations with the Hamid Karzai government.
It looks as though the situation has reached the point where Afghanistan will undergo further destabilization if the……………..