MIGRATION POLICY OF THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC TODAY
Aynura Elebaeva, D.Sc. (Philos.), Professor at the International University of Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)
This article examines several issues relating to migration in the Kyrgyz Republic today. It studies the regulatory and legislative framework and practice of implementing the country’s migration policy. The author carries out an institutional analysis of the migration management system. She identifies the most urgent problems of regulating the migratory flows occurring in post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan based on the results of a sociological poll. She also draws corresponding conclusions and offers recommendations for harmonizing all the available migration management tools in practice, which is essential for raising the legitimacy of migration as a whole.
Keywords: Kyrgyzstan, international migration, external labor migration, labor migrants, countries of origin, countries of destination, illegal migration, employment of the population.
After gaining its independence and transferring to a market model of economic development, Kyrgyzstan encountered the problem of population migration. The migration phenomenon is playing an important role in the republic’s post-Soviet socioeconomic development; this is prompting an increase in the scientific-practical importance of studying and understanding it. It stands to reason that this social phenomenon must be primarily viewed from the political and legal viewpoint, keeping in mind the need for state management of migration. The unstable development dynamics of the economic sector and deteriorating situation in the domestic labor market have been instrumental in forming the migratory flows of……………