THE CAUCASIAN AND THE RUSSIAN IN CONTEMPORARY GEORGIAN NATIONALISM

Maxim KIRCHANOV


Maxim Kirchanov, D.Sc. (Hist.), Assistant Professor, Chair of Regional Studies and Economics of Foreign Countries, Department of International Relations, FGBOU VPO Voronezh State University (Voronezh, the Russian Federation)


ABSTRACT

The author analyzes the recent and traditional political and ideological trends in Georgian nationalism. He points out that it is based on a fairly mature political tradition and is largely developing as a civil movement. Its present polarization and fragmentation are an inevitable outcome of the political debates about the role Georgia is playing in the region and its relations with Russia.

Keywords: Georgia, nationalism, identity, civil nationalism, the Caucasus, the Russian-Georgian relations.

Introduction

The nation-state has been and remains the central actor of international relations; this is confirmed by the growth of nationalism all over the world, the Soviet Unions disintegration, and the ethnic and religious conflicts that dot the globe. The talk about the end of the epoch of nationalism and the end of a nation-state is premature and, worse still, politically wrong.

The parties and movements brought to the fore by nationalism, which has been raised high on the worlds agenda, are very visible, especially in countries with no considerable experience of political independence, Georgia being one of them.

A country with an old and highly developed political tradition, Georgia nevertheless has a fairly short history of


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