THE CASPIAN REGION AT THE CROSSROADS OF GEOPOLITICAL STRATEGIES
Sergey Zhiltsov, Ph.D. (Political Science), Professor, Chair of Political Science, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN) (Moscow, the Russia Federation)
The author concentrates on the geopolitical games in the Caspian region and identifies the factors that have remained prominent in the last twenty years and, in fact, determined the developments in this part of the world, viz. oil and gas reserves, the scope of their industrial production, and the recently built export pipelines as geopolitical instruments of the Caspian states and extra-regional players.
He analyzes the geopolitical aims of Russia, the European Union, the U.S., and China, the key players responsible for the Caspian geopolitical context, to conclude that the region’s geopolitical, social, economic, and political future, as well as its interstate relations largely depend on the pace at which oil and gas is produced and pipeline projects implemented.
Keywords: geopolitics, Caspian region, foreign policy, Caspian states, hydrocarbon resources.
In the last 20-odd years, numerous and varied factors, including the efforts to finally agree on the Caspian Sea’s international legal status, its mounting militarization carried out by the coastal states, and environmental problems, have changed the geopolitical situation in the region. Preservation of the Caspian’s biological diversity is one of the outstanding issues. Hydrocarbon resources, their level of production, and………..