THE CASPIAN REGION AT THE CROSSROADS OF GEOPOLITICAL STRATEGIES

Sergey ZHILTSOV


Sergey Zhiltsov, Ph.D. (Political Science), Professor, Chair of Political Science, Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN) (Moscow, the Russia Federation)


ABSTRACT

The author concentrates on the geopolitical games in the Caspian region and identifies the factors that have remained prominent in the last twenty years and, in fact, determined the developments in this part of the world, viz. oil and gas reserves, the scope of their industrial production, and the recently built export pipelines as geopolitical instruments of the Caspian states and extra-regional players.

He analyzes the geopolitical aims of Russia, the European Union, the U.S., and China, the key players responsible for the Caspian geopolitical context, to conclude that the regions geopolitical, social, economic, and political future, as well as its interstate relations largely depend on the pace at which oil and gas is produced and pipeline projects implemented.

Keywords: geopolitics, Caspian region, foreign policy, Caspian states, hydrocarbon resources.

Introduction

In the last 20-odd years, numerous and varied factors, including the efforts to finally agree on the Caspian Seas international legal status, its mounting militarization carried out by the coastal states, and environmental problems, have changed the geopolitical situation in the region. Preservation of the Caspians biological diversity is one of the outstanding issues. Hydrocarbon resources, their level of production, and..


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