THE ROLE OF NON-REGIONAL POWERS IN CENTRAL ASIAN WATER AND ENERGY NEXUS

Abdurasul KAYUMOV, Elena OMELCHENKO


Abdurasul Kayumov, Ph.D. candidate, Department of Political Sciences, Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg (Magdeburg, Germany)

Elena Omelchenko, Ph.D. candidate, Otto-Suhr Institute, Freie University of Berlin (Berlin, Germany)


ABSTRACT

Water as the least regulated issue is currently one of the key security factors in Central Asia. Although some efforts are made to regulate water through the establishment of a regional water regime, yet it remains unresolved. It has been stated that the involvement of international actors can have a positive effect on the solution of the problem. The analysis in this article shows that non-regional powers do not necessarily play a positive role in Central Asia. The water and energy nexus is often used by external powers as a geopolitical tool to influence regional countries for own political and economic interests.

Keywords: Central Asia, water, energy, water regime, foreign powers, geopolitics, hydraulic system, Syr Darya, Amu Darya, Nurek, Sangtuda, Kambarata.

Introduction

In the meantime, while much attention is paid to the problem of fuel resources, the geopolitical meaning of water resources is underestimated. Water is the strategic resource as oil and gas. As such, it is necessary for all countries in ensuring the well-being of their population and in ensuring social as well as domestic activities. When countries do not have sufficient water, water turns to be a strategically important resource. Its use becomes an element of international relations, as the issues of distribution of water supplies and their effective use become an instrument of public policy.

Central Asia is, in terms of water resources, perhaps the most vulnerable region in the world. It is located in the arid zone and is highly dependent on water supply. The situation is also complicated by the fact that main water resources of the region are transboundary in nature. As one of..


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