THE NEW GEOPOLITICS OF AFGHANISTAN AND THEIR IMPACT ON IRANIAN NATIONAL SECURITY

Mohammad DARKHOR, Alireza SALEHI


Mohammad Darkhor, Ph.D. (Political Geography), Researcher at Imam Hussein University (Tehran, Iran)

Alireza Salehi, M.A. in Regional Studies, School of International Relations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Tehran, Iran)


ABSTRACT

The military intervention in Afghanistan following the 9/11 attacks of al-Qaeda terrorists provided an opportunity for U.S. politicians to materialize their long-awaited dream of the monopolar world predicted by scholars like Fukuyama after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the bipolar world. Fukuyama, among others, believed that American liberal thought would be universally accepted and this would eventually lead to U.S. global domination.

The attitude of al-Qaeda and the Taliban, on the one hand, and Afghanistans strategic position, on the other, were not what U.S. officials needed for this purpose. However, Afghanistan could be used as an instrument to put pressure on Russia, Iran, China, and India. The Talibans deplorable abuse of basic human rights, women, and narcotic drugs, etc. could justify the U.S.s presence as a defender of human rights.

Although Afghanistan was invaded in 2001, and despite primary victories, the war is still going on more than 13 years later, and intervention is still continuing despite the change in U.S. administration. As a consequence of this occupation, the new geopolitics of this region are emerging with the presence of NATO forces, the continuing war, the incompletely suppressed Taliban forces, and the increase in insecurity for Iran and Pakistan. While at the same time, the Afghan mujahidin forces are being replaced by technocrats.

Keywords: Iran, the U.S., geopolitics, national security, the Taliban, Afghanistan, NATO.

Introduction

Following Soviet intervention in Afghanistan in the 1980s, U.S. attention was drawn to this region. The U.S. tried to turn this war-torn country into a Vietnam for the Soviet Union. To do this, the U.S. started supporting the mujahedin against the Soviet forces, providing them with financial aid, as


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