GEORGIAS FOREIGN POLICY AFTER THE OCTOBER 2012 PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS

Johnny MELIKYAN


Jonny Melikyan, Head, Center for Political and Legal Studies (Erevan, Armenia)


ABSTRACT

The author looks at the key foreign policy trends and changes that became obvious after the parliamentary elections of October 2012.

The articles first part describes Georgias foreign policy under President Saakashvili when Georgia received its first conceptual documentsthe National Security Concept and the Military Doctrineboth geared toward Europe and the closest possible cooperation with NATO, revised regional relations, and a new agenda.

The second part deals with the changes in Georgias foreign policy that took place after the presidential elections of 1 October, 2012, when the opposition Georgian Dream Coalition won the majority of seats in the Georgian parliament and the post of prime minister for its leader, Bidzina Ivanishvili. The newly emerging relations between Georgia and Russia and the efforts of the Georgian leaders to resume their dialog with Moscow are also analyzed.

The concluding part offers an overview of Georgias relations with the European structures, its progress toward an association with the European Union, the course of the talks, and the way this association will affect the main spheres of the countrys life.

Keywords: Georgia, Mikhail Saakashvili, foreign policy, the Rose Revolution, the Georgian Dream, Bidzina Ivanishvili, Abkhazia, South Ossetia.

Introduction

As an independent state, Georgia, very much like other Soviet successor-states, has had to look after its national interests; this has meant a long and torturous road of state-building and conceptualizing of its foreign policy. The country has lived through a civil war, settled its ethnopolitical conflicts, and survived the socioeconomic and political crises that slowed down its movement in the chosen direction.

Throughout Georgias long history, foreign policy has been and remains one of the focal points. During the two decades of..


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