ISLAMIC EDUCATION IN KYRGYZSTAN
Nazira Kurbanova, Ph.D. (Hist.), Head of the Chair of History and Ethnology of Kyrgyzstan, I. Arabaev Kyrgyz State University (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)
The author surveys the Islamic education system in Kyrgyzstan after the republic gained its independence, assesses its current state and the problems relating to this sphere, and offers her recommendations on how to upgrade its efficiency.
Keywords: Kyrgyzstan, Islamic education, Islamic university, Islamic institute, madrasahs, faculty of theology, Spiritual Administration of Muslims of Kyrgyzstan, mudaris, imam-khatib, muftiat, State Commission for Religious Affairs, Islamic educational establishments.
The atheist ideology of Soviet times collapsed to give way to revived religiosity in Kyrgyzstan: the number of legal religious establishments and organizations is on the rise. The Constitution and the legal documents relating to the freedom of conscience and religion have been readjusted according to international regulations.
The republic’s liberal legislation and the efforts of local Muslims and foreign missionaries over the 20-odd years of independence have helped Kyrgyzstan arrive at Islamic diversity.
According to the State Commission for Religious Affairs (SCRA), in January 2013, there were 1,791 Islamic establishments in Kyrgyzstan: 9 kaziats, 1,674 mosques, 10 higher religious educational institutions, 67 madrasahs, 49 Islamic funds, centers, and alliances, and 3 missions of………….