INFLUENCE OF THE ETHNIC FACTOR ON THE FORMATION OF AFGHAN STATEHOOD
Rakhmatullo Abdulloev, Senior Fellow at the Institute of Language, Literature, Oriental Studies, and Written Heritage, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan (Dushanbe, Tajikistan)
The formation of a unified state in Afghanistan is deeply affected by the many ethnic contradictions that are greatly hindering its current development. They primarily relate to building a multiethnic state, the traditional domination of the Pashtun feudal elite in the power structures, the place and role of the non-Afghan peoples in the country’s economic and political life, and the relations among the main ethnic groups that populate the country.
This article examines the sources of these ethnic problems as the centralized state completed its formation in Afghanistan and how they are expressed in the country’s current historical mythology.
Keywords: Afghanistan, formation of the Afghan state, border delimitation, competition among powers, Afghans and non-Afghan peoples.
The events going on today in Afghanistan date back to the end of the 19th century. This was when formation of the centralized state was completed and feudal fragmentation, internecine wars, and intertribal discord came to an end. This was also when ethnic problems arose in Afghanistan that continue to take their toll on the country’s sociopolitical life. They primarily relate to building a multinational state, the traditional domination of the Pashtun feudal elite in the………..