THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY OF KYRGYZSTAN IN 1991-2013: GROWING PAINS

Kanatbek MURZAKHALILOV


Kanatbek Murzakhalilov, Post-Graduate Student, I. Arabaev Kyrgyz State University (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)


ABSTRACT

The author analyzes the current state of affairs in the Muslim community of Kyrgyzstan and its relations with the state.

Emerging and developing amid never-ending conflict, the community has inevitably become relatively radicalized (the faithful are divided into jamaats) and, at times, destructive.

The author offers his own cures for the old and new problems of relations between the state and the Muslim community, the resolution of which is absolutely indispensable for their future development.

Keywords: Islam, the Muslim community, Kyrgyzstan, the SAMK, Mufti, revival, Kurultai, kazyiat, struggle, confrontation, the State Commission, mosque, madrassah, the Ulema Council.

Introduction

In the last twenty years, the Kyrgyz Republic has been looking for new approaches to relations between the state and Islam, the republics prevailing religion (over 80 percent of the local population are its followers).

The liberalization of public and political life across the post-Soviet space launched a religious, Islamic in the case of Kyrgyzstan, revival.

This was a far from simple process burdened with never-ending conflicts around the Spiritual Administration of


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