UIGHURS AS POLITICAL ACTORS IN THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

Dosmir UZBEKOV, Zaynidin KURMANOV


Dosmir Uzbekov, Professor at the Chair of International Relations of the Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University (Bishkek, the Kyrgyz Republic)

Zaynidin Kurmanov, Head of the Chair of International Relations of the Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University (Bishkek, the Kyrgyz Republic)


ABSTRACT

In the Middle Ages, the Uighurs, who are one of the oldest and largest peoples of Central Eurasia (CE), were driven into East Turkestan and then conquered by the Qing Empire. The Chinazation policy carried out in relation to these people led to the mass exodus of the freedom-fighting Uighurs to the CE countries.

The Uighurs are vigorously engaged in economic activity; in other spheres they are traditionally closed and alienated from the outside world, which prevents them from becoming actively integrated into contemporary society.

This article analyzes the roots and reasons for this social phenomenon, which is having a certain influence on the foreign and domestic policy of the Kyrgyz Republic (KR), as well as on political stability and security of the entire Central Asian region.

Keywords: Uighurs, Uighur diaspora, Kyrgyzstan, XUAR, PRC, Central Eurasia, Uighur separatism, East Turkestan Republic.

Introduction

Uighur statehood dates back to the 3rd century. The Uighurs, whose power extended from Altai to Manchuria in the Middle Ages, deservedly consider themselves the direct heirs of the historical past of these territories. Despite their nomadic origin, they were the first to inculcate a sedentary civilization among the Turkic tribes and peoples of the Central Asian steppes. This resulted in the establishment of.


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