IRAN IN RUSSIA’S CENTRAL ASIAN POLICY
Guli Yuldasheva, Ph.D. (Political Science), Member of the Expert Council for the Central Eurasia Analytical Project (Tashkent, Uzbekistan)
The author analyzes the role and place of Iran in Russia’s Central Asian policy and the impacts of the main foreign policy factors of the Middle East and the CIS.
This brings to the forefront Moscow’s approach to its relations with Iran, the United States, and the European Union, as well as their development trends, discussed in the context of the Ukrainian crisis and the possible completion of talks on the Iranian nuclear file. The author concentrates on America’s Middle East policy, the talks on Iran’s nuclear policy, and the joint efforts of Moscow and Brussels to bring the Ukrainian crisis to an acceptable settlement.
The above suggests the conclusion that Russia’s Iranian strategy is primarily based on interaction with the U.S. and the EU as part of their common struggle against Islamic extremism. They are working toward settlement of the Iranian nuclear problem and Ukrainian stabilization.
Today, the mounting threat of Islamic extremism (emanating from Iraq), the geographic proximity of Europe and Russia, and the shared economic interests of the United States, the EU, and Russia caused by the global nature of common security mean that we can expect their gradual drawing closer together, the scope and the nature of which will depend on the level of future compromises on the Ukrainian crisis and Iran.
In fact, the situation in the Central Asian countries that are seeking political and economic security largely depends on whether the main players involved in the Iranian developments will reach an acceptable balance of interests.
Keywords: Russia, Iran, the U.S., the EU, geopolitics, geo-economics, interest, extremism, security, strategy.