THE PARADIGM OF POST-SOVIET POLITICAL LEADERSHIP IN GEORGIA
Beka Chedia, Ph.D. (Political Science), Head of Publishing Projects at the Tbilisi School of Political Studies (Tbilisi, Georgia)
The author analyzes the specifics of political leadership in Georgia and what people think about them, as well as the new trends that came to the fore after the 2013 presidential election, the leadership’s resources, and the ways the political community “recruits” new members.
The author compares the prominent features of the presidencies between 1991 and 2014 to explain the subtleties of political leadership in Georgia.
He also tries to examine why the Constitution is regularly amended to redistribute legal powers between the president and prime minister.
Keywords: leader, president, elections, rule, parties, charisma, manager, Georgia.
The paradigm of political leadership distinguishes Georgia from most of the other Soviet successor-states: it is a symbiosis of post-Soviet and European traditions of governance.
The country inherited certain features of political leadership from the Soviet Union, while also being resolved to move away from the Soviet and post-Soviet styles of government.
Today, it seems that Georgian political rhetoric has developed a taste for the term “European-type leader.” No one is sure of its exact meaning, however the political elites and society are convinced that it means something positive.
Nevertheless, there are problems that demand amendment of the Constitution of Georgia to redistribute power among the branches of power. So far, the political elites, to say nothing of the public at large, do not know where the president’s powers end.
This is best illustrated by the signing of the EU Association Agreement on 27 June, 2014. For several months, the country could not agree on who (the president or the prime minister) should travel to Vilnius to………….