ACQUIRING LEGITIMACY: THE IMPACT OF CIS INTERPARLIAMENTARY INSTITUTIONS ON POST-SOVIET PARLIAMENTARIANISM

Asel MURZAKULOVA


Asel Murzakulova, Ph.D. (Political Science), Associate Professor at the Chair of International Relations of the Karasaev Bishkek Humanitarian University (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)


ABSTRACT

This article analyzes the institutional specifics of CIS interparliamentary institutions in the context of regime transformation. It examines the collective benefits from Kyrgyzstans cooperation with the Interparliamentary Assembly of CIS Member States (IA CIS). According to the author, the IA CIS directs its efforts toward upholding the standards of adaptive parliamentarianism in its member states. It initially aimed to coordinate a unified election assessment among its member states, whereby it has managed to create the impression that it is a structure subordinated to the legitimization of authoritative regimes.

Keywords: parliamentary democracy, authoritarianism, Interparliamentary Assembly of CIS Member States (IA CIS), Russian interests, foreign policy, soft power, Kyrgyzstan, parliamentarianism, election assessment standards, international observers, legitimization of elections.

Introduction

The IA CIS has been functioning for 22 years now. Analyses of the changes going on in the regimes and state institutions of the CIS often gloss over the role this organization plays. However, we believe it is a key channel for spreading the values of adaptive parliamentarianism and technology of political control. This gives rise to several questions: How does this happen? How are the changes impacting Kyrgyzstans political development? What does this impact consist of, and what is the main result? This article aims to look for answers to these questions.

Analyses of the political regime changes in the post-Soviet countries place particular emphasis on internal factors. Little attention is given to the external impact that promotes the reproduction of particular political regimes.

The international environment beyond the CIS borders is usually considered an external factor. However, post-Soviet international organizations (and their bodies) rarely become a target of this kind of


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