THE GREATER CAUCASUS IN RUSSIAN-AMERICAN RELATIONS: MAIN TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS
Maxim Suchkov, Ph.D. (Political Science), Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, World Economy and International Law, Pyatigorsk State University of Linguistics (Pyatigorsk, the Russian Federation)
The author analyzes the dynamics of Russian-American relations in the Greater Caucasus throughout the twenty-odd post-Soviet years, reveals the main development trends, and assesses the degree of confrontation and possibility of cooperation on the key regional issues in the context of the latest developments.
Keywords: the U.S., Russia, the Greater Caucasus, geopolitics, interests.
Throughout the more than two decades that have passed since the Soviet Union’s disintegration, Russian-American contradictions in the Greater Caucasus have been following the dynamics of their relations elsewhere in the world. On the one hand, under the pressure of America’s Caucasian policy, Moscow has had to elaborate its own strategy in the region, which has been gradually moving away from its sphere of influence. While on the other, the range of regional problems has stretched far and wide—from geopolitics in the Southern Caucasus to human rights issues and the anti-terrorist operations in the Northern Caucasus.
Russia invariably interprets many of America’s initiatives in the region as a challenge to its national interests and security. The war in South Ossetia is gradually retreating into history, yet in August 2008 it shattered relations between Russia and the United States. The “resetting” policy pushed the Caucasian context onto the backburner—it was tacitly agreed that the………..