RUSSIA IN CENTRAL ASIA: GEOPOLITICAL MODELS OF STRATEGY AND FOREIGN POLICY
Masat Sarsekeev, Ph.D. (Political Science), Assistant Professor, Chair of Social Disciplines, Almaty University of Energy and Communications (Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan)
The author discusses individual aspects of Russia’s strategy in post-Soviet Central Asia and the extent to which the means and methods of geopolitical modeling can be used for analyzing the current and future political situation. He uses certain approaches and methods to identify the geopolitical models Russia applies in the region, studies the functional interactions among large powers and the regional states, and analyzes various scenarios of the region’s development determined by geopolitical conditions and the balance of power inside the region.
Keywords: geopolitics, geopolitical modeling, regional relations, consistency of political processes, Central Asia.
Foreign policy is an inalienable part of the strategy of any state, through which it realizes its national interests in the world. Its international activity is determined by the principles, aims, and priorities that shape the state’s strategy for the mid-term and even longer perspective. The actors of international relations act according to certain algorithms, the modules of which are determined, on the one hand, by the desire to secure the state’s national interests and create conditions in which its fundamental principles of continued existence are protected, and on the other, by the actual balance of political power and resource potential. Combined, these parameters create a simplified scheme/model of the state’s foreign policy activities.
In the past, the model was interpreted as an object which, under certain conditions, can replace the original and reproduce its basic descriptions, as well as be graphic, visual, easy to grasp, and…………..