POLITICAL SYSTEM OF KYRGYZSTAN: PREREQUISITES AND FACTORS OF TRANSFORMATION

Roza DUYSHEEVA


Roza Duysheeva, Ph.D. (Political Science), Lecturer, Department of Languages and Social Disciplines, Mahmud Kashgari-Barskani Eastern University (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)


ABSTRACT

The author analyzes the stages, prerequisites, and factors relating to the political transformation in Kyrgyzstan. If it succeeds, the Republic will be able to integrate into the worldwide globalization processes based on the values of democracy.

Keywords: Kyrgyzstan, political transformation, modernization, political system, political institutions, democracy, democratization processes, parliamentary system.

Introduction

Democratization is the main development trend in the contemporary world. Despite its long history, democracy is not an ideal system of governance, yet it is the only alternative to a system that suppresses human rights and freedoms. The Soviet successor-states are working hard to arrive at a more adequate democratic order, this being an important part of their modernization efforts.

The democratic changes underway in the CIS countries have certain specific features determined by the post-totalitarian transit, which is much harder than the post-authoritarian transit and is being undertaken in less advantageous conditions.

The processes unfolding in the Soviet successor-states look very much like the so-called third wave of democratization that engulfed a large group of states and did much to shape their present political systems. The post-Soviet states have been changing under the strong impact of the..


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