ISLAM IN THE AFGHAN CONFLICT: LAST QUARTER OF THE TWENTIETH-EARLY TWENTY-FIRST CENTURIES

Andrey MARTYNKIN, Sergey KHOMENKO


Andrey Martynkin, Ph.D. (Hist.), Assistant Professor, Chair of History and International Relations, Department of History and Philology, Branch of the Lomonosov Moscow State University in Sevastopol

Sergey Khomenko, Fellow, Department of History and Philology, Branch of the Lomonosov Moscow State University in Sevastopol


ABSTRACT

The authors analyze Islam as one of the most important, if not decisive, factors responsible for the countrys future; they reveal the specifics of its functioning in Afghan society as the state religion, investigate in great detail the contradictions between individual groups and organizations involved in the conflict of the last quarter of the twentieth century, and examine their impact on the social and economic relations in the region. The sides in the conflict belong to different ethnic, confessional, and political groups. The continued disagreements between the official Muslim clergy and government in Afghanistan are a truthful reflection of the degree to which Islam affects the states life-supporting spheres and figure prominently in ethnic strife and tribal enmity, along with all kinds of external factors that keep the conflict alive.

The article looks at the main Islamist organizations that will figure prominently on Afghanistans domestic scene for several decades to come.

The authors believe that in the current conditions, Islam has ceased to be a factor of social stability and unity in Afghanistan.

Keywords: Islam, Afghanistan, Afghan conflict, civil war, Islamist groups, the Taliban, Islamic opposition, the Muslim clergy, Shia, Sunni.

Introduction

The very complicated structure of the Afghan conflict suggests that it should be discussed in its totality. It has spread to all branches and spheres of state governance and social and economic life and acquired national, religious, political, and ethnic dimensions. We should bear in mind that today, when the new system of international relations is changing its shape, the future of the region and.


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