THE MAIN PROBLEMS ON THE WAY TO COOPERATION IN CENTRAL ASIA: FOREIGN POLICY FORECAST FOR THE REGIONAL COUNTRIES

Vladimir PARAMONOV, Alexei STROKOV


Vladimir Paramonov, Ph.D. (Political Science), Founder and Supervisor of the [www.ceasia.ru] Internet Project and Central Eurasia Analytical Group (Tashkent, Uzbekistan)

Alexei Strokov, Member of the Expert Council of the Central Eurasia Analytical Group (Tashkent, Uzbekistan)


ABSTRACT

The authors present a prognosis of the policy of five Central Asian countries in order to identify the main problems associated with the essential absence of development of real, deep, and extensive forms of multilateral cooperation in the region. The main accent is placed on identifying/explaining the key reasons/factors of the unwillingness of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan to cooperate with each other, as well as on demonstrating the negative consequences of the absence of the necessary level of trust, cooperation, and integration in the region.

Keywords: foreign policy, Central Asia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Introduction

The following reasons are usually given to explain the problems interfering with the development of cooperation in Central Asia (CA), as well as the underdevelopment/absence of the political, economic, and social prerequisites required for ensuring it:

  • weakness/absence of political will on the part of the elites/leaders of the Central Asian states;
  • the non-democratic nature and/or non-liberal nature of the existing political and economic regimes;
  • the impact of a whole set of political and psychological factors (difficulties in the relations among the leaders of

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