CENTRAL ASIAN POLITICS REGARDING WATER USE OF TRANSBOUNDARY RIVERS
Sergei ZHILTSOV, Aynur BIMENOVA
Sergei Zhiltsov, D.Sc. (Political Science), Head of the Chair of Political Science and Political Philosophy, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Moscow, the Russian Federation)
Aynur Bimenova, Ph.D. Candidate at the Academy of State Administration under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Astana, Kazakhstan)
This article analyzes the situation regarding the water resources of the transboundary rivers that developed in Central Asia after the collapse of the Soviet Union when the previous mechanism of mutual account of the interests of all the Central Asian republics broke down. Particular attention is given to studying the factors that have an impact on the formation and implementation of Central Asian politics regarding water use. A comparison is made of the international legal base that regulates conflicts involving the water resources of transboundary rivers and the legal documents of the Central Asian states. The paper analyzes the reasons for the failure to create a multisided mechanism for resolving the disputes that arise among the Central Asian countries with respect to water use of the transboundary rivers.
Keywords: water resources, water apportioning, transboundary rivers, Central Asia, hydropower.
Central Asia, to which Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan belong, has been experiencing a water shortage for many centuries. Life in the region has always been based on farming and cattle-breeding, while water has always been the main restricting factor. After they gained their independence, the former Central Asian republics focused their efforts on raising the economy and forming new state institutions. This left one of…………