CONTEMPORARY KYRGYZSTAN: THE ONTOLOGICAL ROOTS OF INSTABILITY

Dosmir UZBEKOV, Ilyas KURMANOV


Dosmir Uzbekov, Professor, Chair of International Relations, Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University (Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic)

Ilyas Kurmanov, Ph.D. (Political Science), Deputy Director, Institute of Parliamentarianism and Democracy (Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic)


ABSTRACT

The authors undertake the challenging task of going to the roots of the political instability that enveloped Kyrgyzstan during the period of democratic transit and discover that the bureaucratic state cannot adapt democratic values to the local conditions and, most importantly, does not want to do this. The political elite of Kyrgyzstan, which remains under the spell of Soviet political and spiritual legacy and which has been exhausted by two coups, demonstrates a very low level of cohesion and weakened political will. The authors describe the ways and means that will help the state and society remove the obstacles and remedy the shortcomings to finally acquire political stability and move forward.

Keywords: administration, nomenklatura bureaucracy, archaization, traditionalism, conformist bureaucracy, democratization, color revolutions, democratic reforms, Kyrgyzstan.

Introduction

Practically all international programs implemented in Kyrgyzstan by the UNDP, OSCE, USAID, EC, etc. after the March 2005 and April 2010 revolutions are geared toward political stability and peace-building. They include the following: Development of Parliamentarianism through Political Stability, Judicial Reform through Political Stability, the Rule of Law through Peace-Building, etc. These and other programs are visual confirmation that the world is concerned about the political situation in post-revolutionary Kyrgyzstan, where society no longer believes in the.


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