KARTVELISM AS A DEVELOPMENT PARADIGM OF GEORGIAN ETHNIC NATIONALISM

Maxim KIRCHANOV


Maxim Kirchanov, D.Sc. (Hist.), Associate Professor, Chair of Regional Studies and Economics of Foreign Countries, Department of International Relations FGBOU VPO Voronezh State University (Voronezh, the Russian Federation)


ABSTRACT

The Georgian national myth is based on active promotion and actualization of Kartvelian narratives. The Kartvelian dimension of Georgian national identity has different forms, cultural Kartvelism, or, rather, studies of the languages ​​and history of the Kartvelian ethnic groups, being one of them. The Kartvelian ideas serve as the background against which ancient Georgians are glorified and mythologized; the Kartvelian narratives form the core of Georgian ethnic nationalism and Georgian historical and political imagination.

Keywords: Georgia, nationalism, ethnicity, Kartvelism, historical imagination.

Introduction

Throughout the entire period of post-Soviet transformations, Georgian nationalism has developed dichotomously as a countermeasure between civil and ethnic nationalism, which occupies a special place in the Georgian intellectual and political discourse.

The Georgian alphabet, which differs from the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets used by Georgias neighbors, is responsible for the Georgians ethnic uniqueness.

I have selected the Kartvelian myth and the related problems as the subject of my article because in the contemporary Georgian nationalist discourse the myth is reproduced as a set of narratives tinged in.


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