THE FORMATION OF PARLIAMENTARIANISM IN TAJIKISTAN: PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE

Shokir KHAKIMOV


Shokir Khakimov, D.Sc. (Law), Deputy Chairman of the Tajik Juridical Consortium Public Organization (Dushanbe, Tajikistan)


ABSTRACT

This article examines the comparative legal, theoretical, and historical aspects of parliamentarianism. The author analyzes the formation of Tajik parliamentarianism and describes its primary characteristics. He also gives the reasons for the formation of parliamentarianism in Tajikistan and the obstacles hindering it.

Keywords: Tajikistan, parliament, parliamentarianism, Supreme Soviet, elections, law-governed state, separation of powers, legitimacy of state power, parties.

Introduction

In December 2014, Tajikistan saw the start of the campaign for elections to the Majlisi namoiandagon (lower house of parliament), as well as to elect local Majlisi of peoples deputies (the elections themselves were held on 1 March, 2015). According to Tajik legislation, the election system is mixed; candidates for deputies are nominated from both single-seat electoral districts and party lists. All eight political parties of Tajikistan held campaign congresses, at which candidates for deputies were nominated. The campaign for nominating deputies from single-seat electoral districts officially began on 30 December. At present, most of the parliament deputies represent the pro-presidential Peoples Democratic Party of Tajikistan (PDPT).

The Islamic Revival Party (IRPT), Communist Party (CPT), Economic Reform Party (ERPT), and Agrarian Party (APT) have two mandates each. The Democratic, Socialist, and Social-Democratic parties are..


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