THE PROSPECTS FOR EDUCATIONAL MIGRATION FROM KYRGYZSTAN TO TURKEY

Zharkyn SAMANCHINA, Aynura ELEBAEVA


Zharkyn Samanchina, Ph.D. (Political Science), Bishkek Humanitarian University (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)

Aynura Elebaeva, D.Sc. (Philos.), Professor, International University of Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)


ABSTRACT

As globalization of the world economy increases, the scope of intellectual migration continues to spread. One of its forms is student or educational migrationa phenomenon that largely dates to the end of the 20th century and has not been sufficiently studied so far. As for Kyrgyzstan, this is essentially the first time intellectual and student migration has been studied.

Any migration, including intellectual, undermines a countrys national potential. It should also be kept in mind that the host countries use migrants to achieve specific ideological and political goals.

Keywords: transnationalism, translocality, international migration, intellectual migration, educational migration, student migration, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey.

Introduction

Migration is one of the most important problems in the social, economic, and political spheres of public life.

In the second half of the 20th century, migration began reaching global proportions. It has encompassed almost every country, social strata, and sphere of public activity; the past century can rightly be called the era of migration. International migration is mainly activated by people striving to adapt to the global changes going on in the world. There can be no doubt that today migration has become one of.


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