STATE-BUILDING IN AFGHANISTAN: DECENTRALIZATION VS. CENTRALIZATION
Inomzhon Bobokulov, D.Sc. (Law), Associate Professor at the UNESCO International Law and Human Rights Chair, University of World Economy and Diplomacy (Tashkent, Uzbekistan)
The question is not “Who should govern in Afghanistan?”
but “How should Afghanistan govern itself?”
It appears that the multinational and multiconfessional nature of Afghan society itself is the main reason prompting examination of the problem raised in this article. Recently, there has been increasingly lively discussion about whether Afghanistan will be able to choose a development model that could ensure long-term peace and stability in the “heart of Asia.”
Keywords: Afghanistan, state-building, government decentralization and centralization, constitutionalism, separation of powers, ethnic balance in the state administration system, traditional mechanisms of social organization.
The 9/11 events played a key role in shaping the global viewpoint that says weak and/or failed states are a national and an international issue of the first order and one of the main threats to universal peace and security.
The world community agrees that a centralized form of state governance would best suit Afghanistan; strong presidential power has always been associated with law and order and stability and considered to meet the country’s centuries-old traditions.
However, during the discussions going on in academic/analytical circles around the present-day reality of……………..