THE NATIONAL IDEA AND NATIONAL IDEOLOGY IN THE SUSTAINABILITY OF ETHNOCULTURAL IDENTITY
Kenan Allahverdiev, Ph.D. (Philos.), Associate Professor, Department of International Relations, Azerbaijan Tourism and Management University (Baku, Azerbaijan)
The author investigates the correlative ties between the categories “national idea” and “national ideology” and their impact on the ethnocultural identity of peoples in the context of the contradictory processes at the current stage of globalization.
Keywords: national idea, national ideology, ethnocultural identity, globalization.
This analysis focuses on revealing the correlative ties in the national idea-national ideology-ethnocultural identity triad and how they interact with each other.
My interest was stirred by the events that have been unfolding and are still unfolding in Ukraine. Some people interpret them as the inevitable revival of what is called the “Russian World” (essentially the idea of the ethnocivilizational “mission” of the Slavic-Russian proto-ethnicity, or future super-ethnicity, the choice depending on the political bias), others defend the idea of “Ukrainianism” (that is, national-civil ideology), while others still advocate the notorious “European choice” (as a unique cross-ethnocultural identity).
Even this simple and extremely condensed enumeration of the components of the political, cultural, and ethnic aspects of the Ukrainian tragedy points to the possibility that other and highly varied configurations might appear today or in the near future.
No reasonable or self-respecting expert today is ready to forecast which of the possible alternatives will be realized in the form of Hegel’s “reasonable reality,” “traded” in the course of the Great Game on the Grand Chessboard, or sacrificed and forgotten.
One thing is clear, however, in the globalized and contradictory world these three aspects of ethnopolitical and cultural life are intertwined to the extent that, metaphorically speaking, they can only be…………